The term cybersecurity typically refers to the protection of computer systems, networks, and sensitive information from unauthorized access, theft, damage, or disruption.

Types of threats

Common threats include:

  • viruses
  • malware
  • phishing attacks
  • ransomware
  • denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks.

Types of protective measures

Measures to protect against the more common threats include utilizing the following tools, systems and practices:

  • Firewalls
  • Antivirus Software
  • Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDPS)
  • Encryption.

Best practices

  • Regular software updates
  • Employee training and awareness
  • Data backups
  • Incident response planning
  • Risk assessments

Why is it a concern?

Following a number of high-profile cases in recent years, businesses, governments, and individuals, have developed a higher awareness of the financial losses, reputational damage and legal liabilities that commonly follow a cyber attack. This has made it so that cybersecurity expanded from being simply perceived as a technical issue and, instead, being understood as a business issue, with broad implications on risk management, compliance and governance.

In turn, this has led to widespread advocacy for proactive and multi-layered security stances that take into account people, processes, and technology. As a result, several frameworks and standards have been developed, such as the NIST Framework, the ISO/IEC 27000 series, and the PCI DSS.


Cybersecurity is a rapidly evolving field, with new threats and vulnerabilities emerging constantly which, in turn, requires continuous monitoring, testing, and improvement of safety measures. It is essential for protecting sensitive information and ensuring the reliability and security of computer systems and networks.

For more content related to this topic, check out our Protect section.